Ukujika kunye nokugaya iinxalenye zomatshini ezihlanganisiweyo

Inkcazelo emfutshane:

Izinto eziluncedo zokujika kunye nokugawula iikhompawundi:

I-Advanteji 1: Ukusika okwethutyana;

I-Advantage 2, ukusika okulula ngesantya esiphezulu;

I-Advantage 3, isantya somsebenzi siphantsi;

I-Advantage 4, ukuguqulwa kwe-thermal encinci;

I-Advantage 5, ukugqitywa kwexesha elinye;

I-Advantage yesi-6, ukunciphisa ukugoba ukugoba

 


Iinkcukacha zeMveliso

Iithegi zeMveliso

IiNkcazo zeMveliso

Iinzuzo zemveliso: akukho burr, ibhetshi yangaphambili, uburhabaxa bomphezulu obugqithise kakhulu i-ISO, ukuchaneka okuphezulu

Igama lemveliso: Ukujika kunye nokugaya iinxalenye zomatshini ezihlanganisiweyo

Inkqubo yemveliso: ukujika kunye ne-milling compound

Izinto eziphathekayo: i-304 kunye ne-316 insimbi engenasici, ubhedu, isinyithi, i-aluminium, njl.

Iimpawu zezinto eziphathekayo: ukumelana nokugqwesa okulungileyo, ukumelana nobushushu, amandla aphantsi obushushu kunye neempawu zoomatshini

Ukusetyenziswa kwemveliso: isetyenziselwa izixhobo zonyango, izixhobo ze-aerospace, izixhobo zonxibelelwano, imboni yemoto, imboni ye-optical, i-shaft echanekileyo, izixhobo zokuvelisa ukutya, iidrones, njl.

Ukuchaneka: ± 0.01mm

Umjikelo wokuqinisekisa: iintsuku ezi-3-5

Umthamo wemveliso yemihla ngemihla: 10000

Ukuchaneka kwenkqubo: ukucubungula ngokwemizobo yabathengi, izinto ezingenayo, njl.

Igama leBrand: Lingjun

Izinto eziluncedo zokujika kunye nokugawula iikhompawundi:

I-advanteji 1, ukusika okwethutyana:

I-double-spindle turning-milling-milling edityanisiweyo yendlela yomatshini yindlela yokusika ephakathi.Olu hlobo lokusika oluphakathi luvumela isixhobo ukuba sibe nexesha elingakumbi lokupholisa, kuba kungakhathaliseki ukuba yiyiphi into ecutshungulwayo, ubushushu obufikelelwe sisixhobo ngexesha lokusika liphantsi.

I-Advantage 2, ukusika okulula ngesantya esiphezulu:

Xa kuthelekiswa netekhnoloji yemveli yokuguqula, le teknoloji yokuguqula i-spindle-milling-milling edityanisiweyo kulula ukwenza ukusika ngesantya esiphezulu, ngoko ke zonke izibonelelo zokusika ngesantya esiphezulu zinokubonakaliswa kwi-double-spindle-turning-milling processing edibeneyo. , ezifana Kuthiwa ukuba amandla okusika adityanisiweyo okujika kabini kunye nokusila yi-30% engaphantsi kuneyokusika okuphezulu kwendabuko, kunye nokunciphisa amandla okusika kunokunciphisa amandla e-radial of workpiece deformation, enokuba luncedo ekusebenzeni. yamalungu abhityileyo achanekileyo.Kwaye ukunyusa isantya sokucutshungulwa kwamacandelo abhityileyo, kwaye ukuba amandla okusika ancinci, umthwalo kwisixhobo kunye nesixhobo somatshini nawo uncinci, ukuze ukuchaneka kwesixhobo somatshini esinezijikelezo ezimbini eziguqukayo. inokukhuselwa ngcono.

I-Advantage 3, isantya somsebenzi sisezantsi:

Ukuba isantya sokujikeleza se-workpiece siphantsi, into ayiyi konakala ngenxa yamandla e-centrifugal xa kusetyenzwa iindawo ezinodonga olubhityileyo.

I-Advantage yesi-4, i-thermal deformation encinci:

Xa usebenzisa i-compound ye-spindle-turning-milling-compound, yonke inkqubo yokusika isele ifakwe ngaphakathi, ngoko ke isixhobo kunye neetshiphusi zithatha ubushushu obuninzi, kwaye ubushushu besixhobo buya kuba buphantsi, kwaye ukuguqulwa kwe-thermal akuyi kwenzeka ngokulula.

I-Advantage 5, ukugqitywa kwexesha elinye:

Isixhobo somatshini somatshini odibanisa i-spindle esijikelezayo esidibanisayo sivumela zonke izixhobo ukuba zicutshungulwe ukuze zigqibezele zonke izinto ezikruqulayo, ezijikayo, zokugaya, kunye nezokungquba kwinkqubo enye yokudibanisa, ukuze ingxaki yokutshintsha isixhobo somatshini ingaphetshwa kakhulu.Nciphisa umjikelo wemveliso kunye nokusetyenzwa kwee-workpiece, kwaye unqande iingxaki ezibangelwa kukuphinda ubambene.

I-Advantage yesi-6, ukunciphisa ukugoba ukugoba:

Ukusebenzisa i-double-spindle turning-milling composite machining method inokunciphisa kakhulu i-deformation yokugoba yamacandelo, ngakumbi xa kusetyenzwa ezinye iindawo ezibhityileyo nezinde ezingenakuxhaswa embindini.

3.2.Iimfuno zokuchaneka komgangatho

Eli phepha lihlalutya iimfuno zokuchaneka kwe-dimensional of the drawing, ukwenzela ukuba ugwebe ukuba unokufezekiswa ngokujika inkqubo, kwaye unqume indlela yenkqubo yokulawula ukuchaneka kwe-dimensional.

Kwinkqubo yolu hlalutyo, ukuguqulwa komlinganiselo othile kunokuqhutywa ngexesha elifanayo, njengokubalwa kwe-dimension eyongezelelweyo, i-dimension epheleleyo kunye ne-dimension chain.Kusetyenziso lwe-CNC lathe turning, ubungakanani obufunekayo buhlala buthathwa njenge-avareji yobukhulu kunye nobuncinci bobungakanani bomda njengesiseko sobungakanani benkqubo.

4.3.Iimfuno zemilo kunye nokuchaneka kwendawo

Ubume kunye nokunyamezela isikhundla esinikwe kumzobo kuyisiseko esibalulekileyo sokuqinisekisa ukuchaneka.Ngexesha lomatshini, i-datum yokubeka kunye nedatha yokulinganisa kufuneka igqitywe ngokweemfuno, kwaye ukucutshungulwa kobugcisa obuthile kunokwenziwa ngokweemfuno ezikhethekileyo ze-lathe ye-CNC, ukuze kulawulwe ngokufanelekileyo imilo kunye nokuchaneka kwendawo ye-lathe.

amanqaku amahlanu

Iimfuno zoburhabaxa bomphezulu

Ubunzima bomphezulu buyimfuneko ebalulekileyo yokuqinisekisa ukuchaneka kwe-surface micro, kwaye kwakhona isiseko sokhetho olufanelekileyo lwe-CNC lathe, isixhobo sokusika kunye nokuzimisela kweeparitha zokusika.

amanqaku amathandathu

Iimfuno zonyango lwezinto eziphathekayo kunye nobushushu

Izinto eziphathekayo kunye neemfuno zonyango lokushisa ezinikezelwe kumzobo zisisiseko sokukhetha izixhobo zokusika, iimodeli ze-CNC lathe kunye nokumisela iiparitha zokusika.

Iziko loMatshini elithe nkqo

I-axis emihlanu ye-axis ethe nkqo kwiziko lomatshini sisixhobo esisetyenziswa kwinkalo yobunjineli bomatshini.Emva kokuba i-workpiece ixinzelelwe kwiziko lomatshini kanye, inkqubo yokulawula idijithali inokulawula isixhobo somatshini ukukhetha ngokuzenzekelayo kwaye utshintshe isixhobo ngokweenkqubo ezahlukeneyo, kwaye utshintshe ngokuzenzekelayo isantya sokujikeleza, izinga lokutya, indlela yokuhamba yesixhobo i-workpiece kunye neminye imisebenzi encedisayo, Ukuze ugqibezele ukusetyenzwa kweenkqubo ezininzi kwiindawo ezininzi zokusebenzela.Kwaye kukho iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zokutshintsha isixhobo okanye imisebenzi yokukhetha izixhobo, ukwenzela ukuba ukusebenza kwemveliso kuphuculwe kakhulu.

Iziko loMatshini elithe nkqo i-axis libhekisa kwiziko lobuchwephesha eline-axis yokusonta ebekwe ngokuthe nkqo kunye netafile yokusebenza.Ubukhulu becala ilungele ukusetyenzwa kwepleyiti, ipleyiti, ukungunda kunye nenxalenye encinci yeqokobhe elintsonkothileyo.Iziko lomatshini elithe nkqo elikwi-axis linokugqiba ukungqusha, ukukruqula, ukugrumba, ukucofa kunye nokusika imisonto.Iziko loMatshini elithe nkqo i-axis yi-axis 2 yonxibelelano, enokuqonda unxibelelwano lwee-axis ezintathu.Ezinye zinokulawulwa ngamazembe amahlanu okanye amathandathu.Umphakamo wekholomu yeziko lomatshini lokuma okwi-axis elithe nkqo lilinganiselwe, kwaye uluhlu lwe-machining lohlobo lwebhokisi yomsebenzi kufuneka luncitshiswe, nto leyo engeloncedo kwiziko lomatshini lokumata elithe nkqo.Nangona kunjalo, i-axis emihlanu ethe nkqo kwiziko lomatshini lilungele ukubethelwa kwezinto zokusebenza kunye nokubeka;Umkhondo wokuhamba wesixhobo sokusika kulula ukuwujonga, inkqubo yokuguqula ilungele ukujonga nokulinganisa, kwaye iingxaki zinokufumaneka ngexesha lokuvala okanye ukuguqulwa;Isimo sokupholisa kulula ukuseka, kwaye i-fluid yokusika inokufikelela kwisixhobo kunye ne-machining surface ngokuthe ngqo;Ii-axes ezintathu zokulungelelanisa zihambelana nenkqubo yokulungelelaniswa kweCartesian, ngoko ke imvakalelo inomdla kwaye ihambelana ne-angle yokujonga umzobo.Ii-chips zilula ukususa kunye nokuwa, ukwenzela ukuba ugweme ukukrazula indawo esetyenzisiweyo.Xa kuthelekiswa neziko lomatshini elihambelanayo elithe tye, linoncedo lwesakhiwo esilula, indawo encinci yomgangatho kunye nexabiso eliphantsi.

Izixhobo ezinkulu zoomatshini be-CNC

Isixhobo se-CNC singundoqo wesixhobo somatshini we-CNC.Izixhobo zanamhlanje ze-CNC zonke zikwimo ye-CNC (ulawulo lwamanani ekhompyutheni).Esi sixhobo se-CNC sisebenzisa ii-microprocessors ezininzi ukuqonda umsebenzi wolawulo lwamanani ngendlela yesoftware ecwangcisiweyo, ke ikwabizwa ngokuba yi-software yeNC.Inkqubo ye-CNC yinkqubo yolawulo lwesikhundla, edibanisa i-trajectory yentshukumo efanelekileyo ngokwedatha yegalelo, kwaye emva koko iyikhuphele kwiindawo ezifunekayo kumatshini.Ke ngoko, isixhobo seNC siqulunqwe ikakhulu ngamalungu amathathu asisiseko: igalelo, ukusetyenzwa kunye nemveliso.Yonke le misebenzi icwangciswe ngokufanelekileyo yinkqubo yenkqubo yekhompyutha, ukuze yonke inkqubo isebenze ngolungelelwaniso.

1) Isixhobo sokungena: faka umyalelo we-NC kwisixhobo se-NC.Ngokutsho komthuthi weprogram eyahlukileyo, kukho izixhobo zokufaka ezahlukeneyo.Kukho i-keyboard input, i-disk input, i-input yendlela yokunxibelelana ngokuthe ngqo kwenkqubo ye-cad / cam kunye ne-DNC (ulawulo lwamanani ngokuthe ngqo) igalelo eliqhagamshelwe kwikhompyutheni ephezulu.Okwangoku, iinkqubo ezininzi zisenayo ifom yegalelo lephepha letape yomshini wokufunda umbane.

(2) Imo yokufaka ibhanti yephepha.Umatshini wokufunda we-photoelectric wephepha unokufunda inkqubo yecandelo, ulawule ngokuthe ngqo ukuhamba kwesixhobo somatshini, okanye ufunde imixholo yetape yephepha kwimemori, kwaye ulawule ukuhamba kwesixhobo somatshini ngeprogram yenxalenye egcinwe kwimemori.

(3) Imodi yokufakwa kwedatha ye-MDI ngesandla.Umsebenzisi unokufaka imiyalelo yenkqubo yomatshini ngokusebenzisa ikhibhodi kwipaneli yokusebenza, efanelekileyo kwiinkqubo ezimfutshane.
Kwimeko yokuhlela yesixhobo solawulo, isoftware isetyenziselwa ukufaka inkqubo yokusetyenzwa kwaye igcinwe kwimemori yesixhobo solawulo.Le ndlela yokufaka ingaphinda isetyenziswe.Le ndlela isetyenziswa ngokubanzi kudweliso lwemisebenzi yezandla.

Kwisixhobo se-NC esinomsebenzi weprogram yeseshoni, ngokweengxaki ezikhuthazwayo kwisiboniso, iimenyu ezahlukeneyo zingakhethwa, kwaye inkqubo yokucubungula inokuveliswa ngokuzenzekelayo ngokufaka amanani afanelekileyo omlinganiselo ngendlela yengxoxo yekhompyutha yomntu.

(1) Imodi yokufaka yolawulo lwamanani ngokuthe ngqo ye-DNC yamkelwa.Inkqubo ye-CNC ifumana amacandelo eprogram alandelayo kwikhompyutheni ngelixa iprosesa yeprogram yecandelo kwikhompyutheni ephezulu.I-DNC isetyenziswa kakhulu kwimeko ye-workpiece entsonkothileyo eyilwe yi-cad/cam software kwaye ivelisa ngokuthe ngqo inkqubo yecandelo.

2) Ukulungiswa kolwazi: isixhobo sokufakwayo sithumela ulwazi lokuqhuba kwiyunithi ye-CNC kwaye siyihlanganisele kulwazi olwamkelwa yikhompyuter.Emva kokuba inxalenye yokugcinwa kolwazi igcina kwaye iyiqhube inyathelo ngenyathelo ngokwenkqubo yolawulo, ithumela indawo kunye nemiyalelo yesantya kwinkqubo ye-servo kunye nenxalenye yolawulo lwentshukumo ephambili ngeyunithi yokuphuma.Idatha ye-input yenkqubo ye-CNC ibandakanya: ulwazi olucacileyo lwamacandelo (indawo yokuqala, indawo yokuphela, umgca othe tye, i-arc, njl.), isantya sokucubungula kunye nolunye ulwazi oluncedisayo lomatshini (njengokutshintsha kwesixhobo, utshintsho lwesantya, ukutshintshela okupholisayo, njl.), kunye nenjongo yokusetyenzwa kwedatha kukugqiba ulungiselelo phambi kokusebenza kofakelo.Inkqubo yokugcinwa kwedatha ikwabandakanya imbuyekezo yeradiyasi yesixhobo, ukubala isantya kunye nokusebenza okuncedisayo.

3) Isixhobo semveliso: isixhobo sokukhupha sidityaniswe ne-servo mechanism.Isixhobo sokukhupha sifumana i-pulse yemveliso yeyunithi ye-arithmetic ngokomyalelo womlawuli, kwaye uyithumele kwinkqubo yokulawula i-servo yokulungelelanisa nganye.Emva kokukhulisa amandla, inkqubo ye-servo iqhutywe, ukwenzela ukulawula ukuhamba kwesixhobo somatshini ngokweemfuno.

Ukwaziswa kwesixhobo esikhulu somatshini we-CNC 3

Umamkeli womatshini ngumzimba ophambili womatshini we-CNC.Ibandakanya ibhedi, isiseko, ikholamu, umqadi, isihlalo sokutyibilika, itafile yokusebenzela, isitokhwe sentloko, isixhobo sokutya, umnini wesixhobo, isixhobo esizenzekelayo sokutshintsha isixhobo kunye nezinye iindawo zomatshini.Yinxalenye yomatshini egqiba ngokuzenzekelayo zonke iintlobo zokusika kwisixhobo somatshini we-CNC.Xa kuthelekiswa nesixhobo somatshini wemveli, umzimba oyintloko wesixhobo somatshini we-CNC unezi mpawu zilandelayo zesakhiwo

I-1) Ukwakhiwa kwesixhobo esitsha somatshini kunye nokuqina okuphezulu, ukuxhathisa okuphezulu kwe-seismic kunye ne-deformation encinci ye-thermal yamkelwe.Ukuze kuphuculwe ukuqina kunye nokusebenza kwe-anti-seismic yesixhobo somatshini, ukuqina kwe-static kwenkqubo yesakhiwo, ukumanzisa, umgangatho wamacandelo okwakhiwa kunye nokuphindaphinda kwendalo ngokuqhelekileyo kuphuculwe, ukwenzela ukuba umzimba oyintloko wesixhobo somatshini. iyakwazi ukulungelelanisa iimfuno eziqhubekayo kunye nezizenzekelayo zokusika isixhobo somatshini we-CNC.Impembelelo ye-thermal deformation kumatshini oyintloko ingancitshiswa ngokuphucula ukucwangciswa kwesakhiwo sesixhobo somatshini, ukunciphisa ukufudumeza, ukulawula ukunyuka kweqondo lokushisa kunye nokwamkela imbuyekezo ye-thermal displacement.

I-2) Ukusebenza okuphezulu kwe-spindle servo drive kunye nezixhobo zokuqhuba i-servo drive zisetyenziswa ngokubanzi ukunciphisa ikhonkco lokuhanjiswa kwezixhobo zoomatshini be-CNC kunye nokwenza lula ubume benkqubo yokuhanjiswa koomatshini bezixhobo zoomatshini.

I-3) Yamkela ukuhanjiswa okuphezulu, ukuchaneka okuphezulu, akukho sixhobo sokuhambisa i-gap kunye neendawo ezihambayo, ezifana ne-ball screw nut pair, i-plastic sliding guide, i-linear rolling guide, i-hydrostatic guide, njl.
Isixhobo esincedisayo sesixhobo somatshini we-CNC

Isixhobo esincedisayo siyimfuneko ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukudlala ngokupheleleyo komsebenzi wezixhobo zomatshini we-CNC.Izixhobo ezincedisayo eziqhelekileyo ziquka: i-pneumatic, i-hydraulic device, i-chip yokususa i-chip, ifowuni yokupholisa kunye ne-lubrication, itafile ejikelezayo kunye nentloko ye-CNC yokwahlula, ukhuseleko, ukukhanya kunye nezinye izixhobo ezincedisayo.


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